Effectiveness of structured teaching program on diet during lactation among postnatal mothers
World Breastfeeding Week is celebrated annually from 1 - 7th August across 120 countries. It is promoted by global health organizations like WHO and UNICEF. The goal of this week is to spread awareness about the importance of exclusive breast feeding for the first six months of an infant's life. This helps to build the baby's immune system, provides critical nutrients and promotes development. It demands an additional 500 kcal in the diet of a breastfeeding mother. Quantitative research approach was designed to find out the effectiveness of structured teaching program on diet during lactation. Pre-experimental with one group pretest-posttest design was used. The study was conducted in CSI Mission Hospital, Neyyoor. The samples consisted of 50 postnatal mothers based on the inclusion criteria. They were selected by purposive sampling technique. Demographic variables, structured knowledge questionnaire and Likert five point attitude scale were used to assess the baseline data, level of knowledge and attitude on diet during lactation among postnatal mothers. The pre-test knowledge level was 60.24+13.84 and the post-test knowledge level was 80.72+13.9. The mean difference was 20.48 and the ‘t’ value was 7.383. The pre-test attitude level was 53.04+7.9 and the post-test attitude level was 81.38+5.29. The mean difference was 28.34 and the ‘t’ value was 21.077. The obtained ‘t’ value was higher than the table value. Hence, it was highly significant at 0.05 level. The study concluded that, structured teaching program on diet during lactation was effective in terms of improving the knowledge and attitude of postnatal mothers.
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