International Journal of Health and Clinical Research <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Health and Clinical Research (IJHCR) is an open-access; freely accessible, online and print monthly peer-reviewed international journal publishes a wide spectrum of advanced research on all medical specialties including ethical and social issues. IJHCR is a gateway to enlighten the latest research/issues happening all around the world of medical and health sciences.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The journal publishes Original research articles in the form of full-length papers or short communications especially those with multidisciplinary nature. The journal welcomes review articles, mini-reviews, case reports, letter to the editor, guest editorial or commentaries.</p> Editor-in Chief, International Journal of Health and Clinical Research en-US International Journal of Health and Clinical Research 2590-325X Extemporaneous Compounding: Cautions, Controversies and Convenience <p>The article aims to physico-chemical and economic considerations before compounding; factors and quality control issues; compounding support, training, chemical supplies, types of compounding (specially in hospital and ambulatory care compounding). It should aid to practice the extemporaneous preparation of basic and advanced formulations including pharmacopoeial and non-pharmacopoeial formulations encountered in pharmacy practice, together with requisite documentation, labeling, packaging and counseling requirements. Along with this, they have to study the analysis of formulations and their components and relate these to the clinical performance of medicines. This will help them to investigate, evaluate and report the physical characteristics of formulations including release kinetics and relate these to quality control and preformulation requirements; relate the application of quality control, quality assurance and the principles of good manufacturing practice to regulation of medicine production in home and abroad.</p> AK Mohiuddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-15 2019-02-15 2 1 1 16 A Review: Herbal Remedies Used For The Treatment of Mouth Ulcer <p>The mouth ulcer often caused pain and discomfort and may alter the person choice of food while healing occurs. The two most common oral&nbsp; ulceration are Local trauma and Aphthous stomatitis. This review focuses on the causes of mouth ulcer, factors responsible for the mouth ulcer. As we know herbal medicine is the main stay of primary healthcare because of better culture acceptability, better compatability with human body and lesser side effects. This review summarises about the drugs used for the treatment of mouth ulcer which are <em>Aloe vera, Guava, Capsicum annum, Papaya, </em><em>Glycyrrhiza glabra</em><em>, Turmeric,</em> Noni fruit along with their Biological source, Family, Morphology, Chemical constituents and Uses.</p> Shubham Mittal Ujjwal Nautiyal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-15 2019-02-15 2 1 17 23 Metachronous carcinoma cervix in a treated case of Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma - A rare case report <p>The prevalence of&nbsp; Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL)&nbsp; survivors is increasingbecause of the advances in multimodality treatment approaches which later has become the reason for various late side-effects especially secondary malignant neoplasms. Among these secondary malignancies gynaecological cancers are rarely found in literature . Here we report one previously treated case of NHL in a middle aged female who later developed carcinoma cervix as a metachronus second primary malignancy.</p> Dr. P.Masthan Basha Dr. Pranabandhu Das Dr. B.V. Subramanian Dr. Ranadheer Gupta Dr.Amit Kumar Chowhan Dr. SilpaKadiyala Dr.N. Rukmangadha Mr. M. Nagaraja ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-15 2019-02-15 2 1 24 28 Alternative Treatments of Minor GI Ailments <p>About 80% of the population worldwide use a variety of traditional medicine, including herbal medicines, for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of illnesses, and for the improvement of general well-being. Total consumer spending on herbal dietary supplements in the United States reached an estimated $8.085 billion in 2017. In addition, the 8.5% increase in total sales from 2016 is the strongest growth for these products in more than 15 years.The main reason to use herbal products in these countries is the assumption of a better tolerability compared to synthetic drugs. Whereas in developing countries herbal medicines are mostly the only available and&nbsp;&nbsp; affordable treatment option. Surveys from industrialized countries reveal as main health areas in which herbal products are used upper airway diseases including cough and common cold; other leading causes are gastrointestinal, nervous and urinary complaints up to painful conditions such as rheumatic diseases, joint pain and stiffness. Gastrointestinal disorders are the most widespread problems in health care. Many factors may upset the GI tract and its motility (or ability to keep moving), including: eating a diet low in fiber; lack of motion or sedentary lifestyle; frequent traveling or changes in daily routine; having excessive dairy products; anxiety and depression; resisting the urge to have a bowel movement habitually or due to pain of hemorrhoids; misuse of laxatives (stool softeners) that, over time, weaken the bowel muscles; calcium or aluminum antacids, antidepressants, iron pills, narcotics; pregnancy. About 30% to 40% of adults claim to have frequent indigestion, and over 50 million visits are made annually to ambulatory care facilities for symptoms related to the digestive system. Over l0 million endoscopies and surgical procedures involving the GI tract are performed each year. Community-based studies from around the world demonstrate that 10% to 46% of all children meet the criteria for RAP. Gastrointestinal disorders such as chronic or acute diarrhea, malabsorption, abdominal pain, and inflammatory bowel diseases can indicate immune deficiency, present in 5% to 50% of patients with primary immunodeficiencies. The gastrointestinal tract is the largest lymphoid organ in the body, so it is not surprising that intestinal diseases are common among immunodeficient patients. Gastroenterologists therefore must be able to diagnose and treat patients with primary immunodeficiency. Further, pathogens do influence the gut function. On the other hand, dietary habits and specific food types can play a significant role in the onset, treatment, and prevention of many GI disorders. Many of these can be prevented or minimized by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and practicing good bowel habits.</p> AK Mohiuddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-15 2019-02-15 2 1 29 60