Burden of Breast lesions in Females in Gwalior region – A 3 yr retrospective study
Keywords:Fibroadenoma, Neoplastic, benign,Malignant, Infiltrating duct Carcinoma.
Background:Existence of Breast lesions in females is still a big health issue in Indian females and cases of carcinoma breast represent only tip of iceberg due to shyness, social stigma, illiteracy. This study is carried out to study the histomorphological spectrum of breast lesion so as to assess the burden of breast lesions in tertiary care centre draining Gwalior region. Material & Methods: Breast Biopsies and mastectomy specimen recieved during last three years in our department for histopathological examination were included in study. Histomorphological diagnosis were recorded and analyzed. Results:Total 354 Breast specimen were examined over a period of three years ,from 1st Jan 2018 to 31st Dec 2020. Among these 21(5.93%)were NonNeoplastic and333(94.07%) were Neoplastic. Among Neoplastic categorised into Benign and Malignant tumours. Fibroadenoma was found to be the most common Benign lesion followed by Fibrocystic disease of breast. Among malignancy ,Most common variant was infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma (NOS type).Conclusion: Breast carcinoma is the second most common carcinoma leading to increased mortality in females after Carcinoma of cervix. Actual assessment of incidence and type of histomorphological variants allows for better treatment strategy and plan awareness programs and accordingly policy making. Self examination and motivation to attend health clinics is very crucial to reduce the painstaking associated with morbidity and mortality caused by carcinoma breast.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Reena Jain, KK Sahu, KK Magnani, KS Mangal
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