The Prevalence of Nasal Polyposis in Patients with Rhinitis and Asthma at aNorthern Indian Tertiary Care Hospital
Keywords:Nasal polyps,Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma
Background: The etiology of Nasal polyps remains unclear, but they are known to have associations with allergy, asthma, infection, cystic fibrosis and aspirin sensitivity. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of nasal polyposis in Northern Indian patients in a tertiary care hospital with rhinitis and asthma.Materials and Methods: This prospective observational study was done in the OPD of ENT Department of tertiary care teaching hospital in northern India, for a total duration of 3 years from January 2013 to December 2016. Demographic data including age, sex and clinical presentation was taken on the predesigned patient proforma. All patients were examined for nasal polyps by anterior rhinoscopy and endoscopic investigation.Results: In the present study we enrolled 576 patients of rhinitis and asthma..Non-allergic respiratory diseases were found to have a much higher percentage of association with Nasal Polyps as compared to those suffering from Allergic respiratory diseases, 25 (9.71%)& 7 (2.12%).Most prevalent associated symptoms was Nasal Obstruction (84.8%) followed by Headache (74%) least prevalent was Facial pain (14%).Conclusion: Evidence of nasal polyp is estimated more in non-allergic diseases rather allergic diseases.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Pramod Kumar Yadav, Poonam Rani, Chandrabhan Prajapati, Ishan Dixit
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