Role of saline moist dressings in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers
Keywords:Diabetic foot, Amputation, Dressing, Saline, Betadine
Background and objective: Diabetes associated problems are the second most common cause of lower limb amputations in India. Majority of amputations are preceded by foot ulcerations. In view of the above said is it is necessary to identify those at an increased risk of diabetic foot and therefore we conducted a study which planned to study the role of saline moist dressings in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers.Materials and methods: This prospective non-randomized control study was conducted at Yenepoya Medical College Hospital on patients with diagnosed diabetic foot who were chosen by purposive sampling from October 2012 to September 2014. A total of 75 patients were chosen for the study and after taking an informed verbal consent were divided into the test group which received saline most dressings daily and the control group who received the betadine dressings daily. Both the groups received additional treatments in the form of debridements, amputations as and when necessary.Results: Majority of the patients receiving treatment for diabetic foot were males. The average duration of diabetes mellitus observed was for 5-10 years. Our study also revealed that neuropathy was the most common complication associated with diabetic foot. In this study we found that in saline dressings, the cultures mostly revealed mono microbial etiology but the conventional dressings had multiple organisms in their cultures. Saline dressings reduced the need for amputations significantly in comparison to the conventional betadine dressings. Conclusion: We strongly recommended saline dressings for treatment of diabetic foot than betadine dressing.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Mohammad Omar Shah, MS Moosabba, Huzaifa Nazir Tak
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