A prospective observational study on thyroid malignancy in a tertiary care hospital
Keywords:Thyroid cancer, Papillary carcinoma, oncological diseases.
Introduction: Thyroid cancer constitutes a heterogeneous group of malignancies which exceeds half a million cases annually, ranking it as the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Head and neck cancers account for 6% of all cancers worldwide, with nearly 150,000 new cases in Europe alone each year. Materials and Methods: This prospective, observational, and clinical study on thyroid cancer was conducted in Department of General Surgery, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, India from July 2019 to December 2020. This study includes patients selected on a non-probable convenience sampling method with histopathologically confirmed TC cases. The informed consent was obtained from the participant before being enrolled. The IBM SPSS program for Windows was used to analyse the results. Sampling technique used is nonprobability sampling. Statistical tests used are univariant analysis, proportions and percentages. Results: During this study period, 700 patients are admitted to the hospital with various newly diagnosed oncological diseases, including Fourty one thyroid cancer patients. Five patients are excluded from studies. Three of them had benign lesions in the postsurgical histopathological examination. Two patients lost during the follow-up period. A total of Thirty six patients were considered for final analysis; thus, thyroid cancers accounted for 2.39% of oncological disease. Females are commonly affected than men with a ratio of 5:1. The population standard deviation is σ 12.55 Table 1. Conclusion: The incidence of thyroid malignancies is more common among women (80.66%) than men. Papillary carcinoma (86.11%) is the common differentiated thyroid cancer. The prevalence of distant metastasis is 2.78% to the vertebral body. In our study, 41.66% of patients belongs to less than 30 years of age; this may be due to the trend of over diagnosis due to the introduction of ultrasonography guided Fine needle aspiration study.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Hareesh H D, Harish Iyyanna, Preethi S.P.
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