Clinical Spectrum of Covid-19 in Children: A Retrospective Study in Tertiary Care Covid Hospital
Keywords:Corona virus disease, IQR, pediatric intensive care units.
Introduction:Corona virus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This has begun in China and had spread to other countries.On 11 March 2020-WHO declared covid-19 as pandemic.Children suffering with Covid 19 infection were increased though at the beginning of pandemic paediatric cases were less.Materials and methods:This study was conducted in one of the Covid-19 tertiary care hospital (designated state Covid hospital) in pediatric wing. This was a retrospective study conducted in patients admitted between may-2020 to October 2020. Clinical profile and outcomes were studied for children aged 1 month to 12 years admitted in Covid-19 tertiary care hospital with positive nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Diagnosis clinical grading and treatment of covid-19 cases was done based on guidelines by Govt of India.Results:The median age (IQR) of children admitted were 9 (4-13 years) and male children (N=54, 55.6%) outnumber females with a male: female ratio of 1.25:1. There was no relationship between gender and incidence of COVID infection in children (p=0.12, Chi square test).Conclusion:Severe life-threatening illnesses in the form of ARDS, GBS, KD and other multisystem involvement are seen in these patients. Therefore, it is mandatory in current scenario to have a high degree of suspicion for COVID-19 in children admitted in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) with an unexplained diagnosis, persistent fever and high levels of inflammatory markers.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 P. Ravindranath Reddy, M. Sanjeevappa, Malikireddy Himabindu, K. Laxminarayana, G.V. Ramadevi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.