A Retrospective Analysis of Biopsied Infectious Jaw Lesions in Eastern Indian population
Keywords:Odontogenic and nonodontogenic lesions, Odontogenic, Central jaw tumours, tumour-like lesions
Background: Reports of a series of central jaw tumours in children are uncommon. Hence, there is no way to forecast their biological behaviour, treatment, or prognosis in this region of the world. Purpose: The goal of this study was to find out how common jaw lesions are in Eastern India. Methods: From January 2020 to December 2021, biopsy data and microscopic sections of all jaw biopsies seen in a selected hospital in Eastern India were reviewed. The three primary groups included Group 1 as developmental/inflammatory/reactive lesions, Group 2 as cystic lesions, and Group 3 as tumours and tumour-like lesions. Odontogenic and nonodontogenic subgroups were created from Groups 2 and 3. Results: A total of 385 instances were looked at. There were 385 cases in all, with 115 (29.9%) in group 1, 178 (46.2%) in group 2, and 92 (23.9%) in group 3. Radicular cysts were the most often biopsied jaw lesions (n = 95; 24.7 percent), followed by chronic apical periodontitis (n = 59; 15.3 percent), dentigerous cysts (n = 51; 13.2 percent), and keratocystic odontogenic tumours (n = 30; 7.8%). Chronic apical periodontitis was the most common lesion in group 1 (n = 59; 51.3 percent). Odontogenic cysts (n = 166; 93.3 percent) were more common than nonodontogenic cysts (n = 12; 6.7 percent) in group 2, with radicular cysts (n = 95; 53.4%) being the most common lesions. In group 3, odontogenic tumours (n = 61; 66.3%) were more common than nonodontogenic tumours (n = 31; 33.7%). Keratocystic odontogenic tumours were the most common kind of lesion in this group (n = 30; 32.6 percent), followed by ameloblastoma (n = 17; 18.5 percent). In this study, only three malignant tumours were discovered. Conclusions: Cystic and inflammatory jaw lesions are more common than tumours and tumour-like lesions in India. Periapical inflammation was found to be the most common cause of inflammatory lesions in the jaw. The majority of cystic and tumorous jaw lesions were caused by odontogenic factors. Odontogenic tumours that were locally aggressive were more common than those that were not. Jaw tumours that were malignant were uncommon.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Biswaranjan Behera, Deepak Das, Bipin Bihari Pradhan
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