Study of Anxiety, Depression and quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Keywords:COPD, Anxiety, Depression, Health related QOL (HRQoL)
Introduction: Neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with chronic lung disease include increased psychological distress as well as impairments in neuropsychological functioning. The most common psychiatric disorders in such patients are anxiety and depression. In addi tion, psychological distress in individuals with COPD is associated with restricted activities of daily living and impaired quality of life. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of anxiety, depressions, Health related QOL and also correlate them with sociodemographic variables in COPD patients. Material and Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional, clinical study was adopted to assess the anxiety, depression and quality of life among patients with COPD. The sample size was 150 patients diagnosed with COPD from a tertiary care teaching hospital. Results: Results were categorised in to observational as well as analytical data. Depression (51%) or Anxiety (55%) are commonly prevalent in COPD patients. There is significant association between severity of COPD, and total score of HRQoL in those suffering from anxiety. Conclusion: The current study concludes that there is an increased prevalence of anxiety and depression in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It is observed that there is a deterioration of health- related quality of life as the chronicity of the disease increases.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Manasa Marthi, G.V.Ramana Rao, R. Rama Krishnam Raju, Purna Prasanth Dayala
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