To Study the Spectrum of Clinical Features, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Type of Management and Clinical Outcome in Relation to the Type of Management in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease
Keywords:Peripheral arterial disease, Digital subtraction angiography (DSA), CT angiography and magnetic resonance (MR) angiography , Cigarette smoking
Background: Peripheral artery stenosis or blockage is frequently one of the manifestations of systemic atherosclerosis. The most frequent causes of Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are atherosclerosis and/or thromboembolic disease. The patient may display a variety of clinical manifestations and symptoms, which can be categorized into the following groups: loss of sensation, changes in colour, temperature, pulsations of the arteries, movement, ulceration, gangrene. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) still yields the sharpest images, even though CT angiography and magnetic resonance (MR) angiography are more recent techniques that are gaining favor. Risk Factors. Cigarette smoking, Diabetes Mellitus (DM), High blood pressure and abnormal lipid levels, Insufficiency of the kidneys and raised inflamatory markers. Imaging, Duplex Ultrasound, Angiography Done Through a Catheter, Non-operative management, Operative Procedures Surgical revascularization plays a predominant role in the management of patients who have vascular disease; however, the modern treatment paradigms have evolved significantly with an increased emphasis on catheter-based percutaneous interventions over the past two decades. Aims and Objective: To study the spectrum of clinical features, prevalence, risk factors, type of management and clinical outcome in relation to the type of management in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Conclusion: Prevalence of total peripheral arterial disease patient as compared to patients presenting with either unilateral or bilateral lower limb pain is 24.5%. It can be seen that 82% population is male and the rest is female. 57% of the population that was analyzed in this research project had diabetes mellitus. The population had 33% people who were known hypertensives who were suffering from peripheral arterial disease. Tobacco is another risk factor that goes hand in hand with smoking, where males are mostly known to be smokers.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Surabhi Matta, Madhu Lata Rana
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