Assessment of Prevalence and Risk Factors of Inguinal Hernia: A Prospective Study
Keywords:Risk Factors, Inguinal Hernia, Abdominal Cavity.
Background: The protrusion from the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal is called inguinal hernia. This is the most common type of hernia and affects chiefly men. The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence and risk factors of inguinal hernia.Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out among 180 adult patients of inguinal hernia over the period of 1 years. The demographic details were collected, and complete clinical examination was performed. Details of the hernia, such as the type of hernia, primary or recurrent was noted. Statistical analysis were performed using SPSS version 21.0 statistical software (SPSS, Chicago, IL).Results: In the present study total patients were 180 & maximum patients were of age group 31-40yrs(40%) and minimum (10%) were of age group 20-30yrs. Primary hernia was present in 80.55% and recurrent hernia was present in 19.44%. Period of swelling was less than one year for majority (48.88%) of the patients, while the least of them had swelling for more than 2years (13.88%). The most common side where the hernia was observed was on the right side (44.44%). The most common cause for the presence of hernia was lifting heavy objects (22.22%).Conclusion: The present study concluded that maximum inguinal hernia patients were of age group 31-40yrs. Primary hernia was present in majority patients. Period of swelling was less than one year for majority of the patients. The right side was most common side and the most common cause for the presence of hernia was lifting heavy objects.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Kalicharan Bansal, Chandresh Bhooshan Bhardwaj
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