Study of Distal Femoral Anthropometry in the Population of Eastern Madhya Pradesh, India
Keywords:Lateral Condylar Anteroposterior Diameter (LCAPD), Medial Condylar Anteroposterior Diameter (MCAPD), Bicondylar Width (BCW), Intercondylar Notch Width (IC_ Wd), Bicondylar Angle (BCA).
Introduction: The anatomy of the distal femur has important implications in total knee replacement, which aims to restore the morphology of the distal femur to as near normal as possible. Material & Methods: A total of One hundred ten (110) dry femurs of human Indian cadavers without any pathology, obtained from the Department of Anatomy, were utilised for this study. Medial and lateral condylars, anterior – posterior diameters, vertical diameters, transverse diameters, bicondylar width and Inter-condylar notch (width, height and depth) were measured. Results: The average Lateral condylar anteroposterior diameter (LCAPD) for the entire sample was 56.0 mm, average Medial condylar anteroposterior diameter (MCAPD) was 55.17mm, average Bicondylar width (BCW) was 68.01 mm, average Intercondylar notch width (IC_ Wd) was 18.47mm and average Bicondylar angle (BCA) was 14.40. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that marked differences do exist in the dimensions between the femur of the Indian population and that of the populations of other regions of the world. For Indian population best fit prosthesis can be made with the help of the published data of distal femur.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Harsh Kumar Chawre, Rajendra Singrolay, Akhilesh Trivedi, Furquan Alam
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