Acute Temporomandibular Joint Dislocations: Surgical Management
Keywords:Hook-shaped miniplates, India, joint dislocation, pseudarthrosis of temporomandibular joint, temporomandibular joint dislocation, temporomandibular joint pain
Background: Jawbone and your skull are connected by a sliding hinge called the temporomandibular joint. On either side of your jaw, there is a joint. Temporomandibular disorder (TMD), which includes TMJ condition, can hurt your jaw joint and the muscles that move your jaw. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study involved a single hospital, a single surgeon, 19 patients, and 23 joint operations carried out over a ten-year period. The study group consisted of patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and had previously undergone surgical correction using hook-shaped miniplates and miniscrews set with or without bone grafts. Results: With ages ranging from 32 to 58, there were a total of 12 females (mean age: 41.9 ±12.07 years) and 9 males (mean age: 39.8 ±13.6 years). Prior to surgery, each patient experienced the dislocation for an average of 19.26± 12.6 months. Prior to surgery, the mean maximal mouth opening (without pain) was 17.78 ±2.13 mm (12–25 mm), but it was 32.28± 3.17 mm (27–37 mm) after surgery. Throughout the 8 to 37 month follow-up period, there were no early or late surgical problems. Conclusion: The outcomes in this community of Indians are very comparable to those reported from other regions of the world.
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