A Prospective Study Of Health Related Quality Of Life Before And After Lumber Disc Surgery For Herniated Lumber Disc At A Tertiary Care Centre Of Bihar
Keywords:health related quality of life, lumber disc surgery
Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health problems worldwide and a major cause of disability that affects performance at work and general well-being. LBP has an incidence of 15% amongst adults and a point prevalence of 30%. It is the leading cause of limitation in activity and absenteeism from work. Hence, this study was undertaken to address this lacunae in the literature. Methodology: A prospective study was conducted by the Department of neurosurgery of the Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna, and Bihar. The current study was conducted over a period of 6 months that was from January 2021 to June 2021. Prior approval was obtained from the Institutional ethics Committee. All the patients admitted for elective discectomy for single level lumbar PIVD were selected for the study, after obtaining informed written consent from the patients or their next of kin. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS Inc released 2009), version 16.0 (Chicago, IL) was used to analyze the data. Results: The most common level of disc herniation was at L4-L5 level as proven by MRI of the lumbar spine (76%) which was followed by L5-S1. In more than half of patients, Low Back Pain (LBP) with Radiculopathy was the most common presenting complaint followed by Radiculopathy and paresthesia. Conclusion: Depression and anxiety are known to affect the outcome of the procedure. Therefore, assessment of depressive symptoms and its treatment should be a part of assessment of all patients in the preoperative as well as in the postoperative period.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Rishi Kant Singh, Prasoon Saurabh, Rohit Kumar
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