Study of TLC, DLC and SpO2 of hemoglobin changes in healthy smokers & non-smokers
Keywords:SpO2,Oxygen Saturation of Hemoglobin, Total and Differential Leukocyte Count, Smokers
Background: Tobacco cigarette smoking is one of the major leading causes of death throughout the world. Smoking has both acute and chronic effect on hematological parameters. Aim: To evaluate the changes associated with the extent of adverse effects of tobacco smoking in total and differential leukocyte count and oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in healthy smokers and non-smokers. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Patna Medical College, Patna, Bihar, India from May 2019 to December 2019. Total of 200 clinically healthy volunteers of Bihar, in the age group of 20–60 years participated in the present study. Individuals with a history of smoking cigarettes/bidis daily for at least 6 months were considered as smokers. Another 100 non-smokers of the same age group were included separately in this study as a control group. TLC, DLC and other parameters were analyzed using standard methods. Results: A total of 200 subjects (100 non- smokers and 100 smokers cases), in which baseline demographic parameters (age and BMI) are compared between smokers and non-smokers. No significant difference between the baseline demographic parameters between the smokers and non-smokers ensures optimum comparison avoiding bias.The difference between TLC, lymphocyte count, monocyte count, granulocyte count, and oxygen saturation of hemoglobin among smokers and non-smoker subjects. The mean values of TLC (p <0.001), lymphocyte count(p<0.001),monocyte count(p=0.01),and granulocyte count (p=0.01) were significantly higher in smokers as compared to non-smokers, while the mean values of SpO2(p = 0.02) were significantly lower in smokers as compared to non-smokers. Conclusion: The study has shown that altered values of TLC and DLC and oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in smokers should be considered during diagnosis, interpretation of result, and treatment of patients. A high TLC and DLCs exhibited in this research may be responsible for chronic inflammation and subsequent high risk of CVD in smokers. Therefore, quitting smoking should be encouraged for better health.
Keywords: SpO2,Oxygen Saturation of Hemoglobin, Total and Differential Leukocyte Count, Smokers